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Ceska Bruer the Most Famous Cantilever Chair

Marcel Breuer’s cantilever chair ceska bruer is one of the best-known chairs in the world: Breuer’s fondness for tubular steel and his knowledge of how to use it in chair construction was already illustrated in the Club chair “B 3” (as know as Wassily chair) introduced in 1925. Breuer was revolutionary in abandoning the traditional construction of a chair based on four legs, but he was not the originator of this idea.

The first one that had this idea was the Dutch architect Mart Stam, that  had introduced the notion of a cantilevered chair to Heinz Rasch and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe in 1926 during the preparation of the Werkbund exhibition “Die Wohnung” (the apartment) for the Weissenhof Settlement in Stuttgart. The design was a far cry from a free-swinger for it was rigid.

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe was the first to pick up on the idea of a chair without traditional leg support with his model “MR 10” and continued the straight barrel shape in a single curve to the seat.

Both chairs were presented in the exhibition “Die Wohnung” (the apartement) in 1927 where Marcel Breuer saw them and found the inspiration for his ceska bruer . Although Breuer allowed many of his tubular steel designs to be produced as standard furniture, he gave the production rights for the “B 32” (without armrests) and the “B 64” to Thonet.

Stam’s complaint about the use of his designs was rejected by Breuer with the argument that he had already designed a U-shaped stool in 1925-6 for the canteen of the Bauhaus which – if it were laid on its side – anticipated the principle of the cantilevered chair. The main difference from Stam’s model lay in the combination of tubular steel construction with wooden frames for the seat and back, with a bentwood technique referring to the origins of the bending of tubular steel.

 Even if Breuer was not the originator of the cantilevered chair, his springy free-swinger became his greatest commercial success. When the Italian company Gavina s.p.a. took over production of the Breuer designs in 1962, the “B 64” received the nickname “Ceska” after Breuer’s adopted daughter, Francesca.

The ceska breuer represents the conception of art by Marcel Breuer, particularly in furniture and architecture: following the Modern Moviment, Breuer thought that the furniture design and architecture should be useful and not only beautiful. The design furniture should be useful and the chair should be solid and comfortable. And also in the ceska breuer the Hungarian  designer try to mold together various material like tubular steel for the fram and straw for the seat and the backseat: and the steel was a new material for design furniture, haven’t used before.

You can find the model of ceska breuer with or without arm, builded following the indications of the Hungarian designer: if you choose the ceska breuer for your home or your office, you’ll be sure that you’ll find at the same time a piece of history design and a solid and comfortable chair, that will gave a touch of style at your furniture and your house.

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