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Discovery the Mies Van Der Rohe's Chairs: a Piece of Design History

In the large production of mies van der rohe, one of the most famous German architect and designer  the chairs in the Twentieth Century, the chairs hold a very important task: the mies van der rohe’s chairs were become a style icon for the German designer, immediately recognizable for the unique and elegant appearance.

But who was Mies Van der Rohe? Architect, furniture designer and educator, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe was a central figure in the advancement and promotion of Modernist design and architectural theory and practice. Like Frank Lloyd Wright and Le Corbusier, he was a hugely influential presence in the field, who shaped the course of 20th-century architecture both through his buildings and his teaching of rationalist design principles.

Born in the medieval German city of Aachen, Mies Van der Rohe found an interest in architecture as a boy while working for his father, a master stonemason. He had no formal education as an architect, but learned his skills as an apprentice to the designer Bruno Paul, and as a staffer in the office the proto-modernist architect and designer Peter Behrens. Following World War I, Mies Van der Rohe rose to prominence in his field amid the liberal atmosphere of the Weimar Republic.

Mies Van der Rohe  would go on to direct the Bauhaus from 1930 until 1933, when Nazi-government interference forced the closure of the progressive art and design school. Later that decade, he made his way to Chicago, where he remained for the rest of his career as a practicing architect and a dean of the Illinois Institute of Technology.

Among the large chairs production by the German designer we can find the typical look   that inspired the work of mies van der rohe, like the careful choice of the materials, the big attention to the details and the style almost minimalist, but ever with great refinement and elegance: and every mies van der rohe chairs reflect these specific characteristics.
In the production of the German designer there is a mies van der rohe’s chair standing out among the other for the celebrity and the style: the Barcelona chair.

Among the other mies van der rohe’s chair the Barcelona chair has certainly an unique history: the Barcelona chair was show for the first time at  Barcelona Universal Exposition  in 1929, for the German Pavillion and the German designer planned the Barcelona chair for the Spanish sovereigns. In the project of Mies Van der Rohe this chair has to be an important and very elegant chair: designed for the Spanish King, the Barcelona chair has to be a monumental chair, unique and different from any other chair.

The Barcelona chair has all the distinctive lines of mies van der rohe chairs, first in the chosen material: the German designer frequently used the iron. The framework of the Barcelona Chair was made in iron, starting by the ics made structure to the nine strips of iron that build the seat and seat back support.

It is supported on each side by two chrome-plated, flat steel bars. Seen from the side, the single curve of the bar forming the chair's back and front legs crosses the S-curve of the bar forming the seat and back legs, making an intersection of the two. This simple shape derives from a long history of precedents, from ancient Egyptian folding stools to nineteenth-century neoclassical seating. The cantilevered seat and the back of the original chairs were upholstered in white kid leather with welt and button details.

But the unique tract of the Barcelona chairs, that make this model stand out among the other chairs in the production of mies van der rohe, is the feeling of greatness and the better comfort: the Barcelona chair is a really royal chair.
But also in the other mies van der rohe’s chair we can find the typical characteristics of the German designer work: the chairs made by Mies Van Der Rohe are always a design furniture, but at the same time  comfortable chairs.

In the end, all the mies van der rohe’s chair are comfortable but at the same time can give a kind of elegance and style in every ambient you will insert these chair. And this because of the chosen materials and the unique style of this models of chairs.

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